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Historical notes
In July 1933, a new law was passed that saw the forced sterilisation of 400,000 Germans classed as carrying hereditary diseases.Hitler authorised the so-called T4 programme at the start of the Second World War. Over 70,000 people interned in psychiatric hospitals were transferred to the Hartheim, Bernburg, Brandenburg, Hadamar, Sonnenstein and Graefeneck centres, where they...
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Two out of every three Jews living in Europe at the beginning of the 1930s died during Nazi rule and World War II. The most prudent ones left Germany following Hitler’s rise to power, but the immense majority were ensnared and killed in the Nazis’ instruments of repression – ghettoes and concentration/extermination camps.
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Solahutte
A glimpse into the lives of the SS at Auschwitz comes from an album of 116 photographs taken between May and December 1944, which is believed to have been owned by Obersturmfuhrer Karl Höcker...
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Ludwig Neumann was a German-Jewish businessman who owned an industrial clothing company, Neumann & Mendel. The factory was founded in 1889 by Emil Neumann and Carl Mendel, and from 1923 Ludwig became the sole owner. From 1 January 1938 German Jews were banned from operating businesses and...
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A group of Jehovah's Witnesses in their camp uniforms after liberation.
Jehovah's Witnesses were subjected to intense persecution under the Nazi regime. The Nazis targeted Jehovah's Witnesses because they were unwilling to accept the authority of the state, because of their international connections, and because they were strongly opposed to both war on behalf of a temporal authority and organized government in matters of conscience.
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Mapa de Madagascar expuesto en Arte Canal
So what does a tropical island have to do with European antisemitism? Religious hostility to Jews had been present in Christian Europe for centuries – with people wrongly blaming Jewish people for the death of Jesus. But by the late 1800s a dangerous new idea was taking hold: that Jews were not just a religious...
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Auschwitz
Today, more than ever, #WeRemember all of them: Jews, Poles, Roma, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, political enemies of the German Nazi regime, criminal prisoners, people with disabilities...
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By January 1945, the Third Reich stood on the verge of military defeat. Most of German East Prussia was already under Soviet occupation. Soviet forces besieged Warsaw, Poland, and Budapest, Hungary, as they prepared to push German forces back toward the interior of the Reich.
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Solomon y su mujer Perla
Solomon was born near Oświęcim in 1896 and married his wife Perla in 1923. Not long after, they moved to Antwerp in Belgium where Perla made clothes that Solomon would sell.
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Escritorio de los Haberfeld
Before the Second World War and the Nazi Holocaust, Oswiecim was a peaceful Polish town on the bank of the Vistula; a reasonably prosperous place from which few people outside of Central Europe had heard and where more than half of its 10,000 inhabitants were Jews.
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