The exhibition is designed to be engaging and educational. During its time in Madrid, there will be a programme of cultural events running in parallel. Experts on the Holocaust and survivors of the Nazi camps will help us to understand the reality of what happened based on their own perspectives.
Details of upcoming talks, lectures and activities are provided below.
Anne Frank was a Jewish girl who, during World War II, went into hiding to escape persecution of the Nazis. Together with seven other people, she lived in the “Secret Annex” for more than two years, where she wrote her well-known diary “Diary of a Young Girl”.
Anne Frank and the others were arrested and deported to Auschwitz and other German Nazi camps in 1944. Only Ana’s father, Otto Frank, survived the war.
Frequently, what we think that we know about the past is determined by how we process the information in our minds; a conception, very often influenced by or founded in a reduced number of iconic pictures.
But, how precise is the information that those pictures provide?
Between 1940 and 1945, Nazi Germany interned more than 9,000 Spanish republicans exiled in Francein various concentration camps. Fewer than 3,000 survivedthe regime of hunger, illness, forced labour and systematic abuse at the hands of the German SS forces. Many were sent to Mauthausen and other camps like Auschwitz. These were the “Spaniers” of the Third Reich’s concentration camps.
Auschwitzremains the world’s biggest cemetery. As the last executioners and witnesses disappear, preserving and spreading its legacy is more important than ever before. Built on the ruins of the largest Nazi camp, Auschwitz–Birkenau Memorial and Museum was founded in 1947 to preserve the memory of the Holocaust.
During Nazism, 400,000 people were crowded into the Jewish ghetto of Warsaw. Without food or health care, its inhabitants were condemned to a certain death. A reality against which the Polish nurse Irena Sendler rebelled, risking her own life to save almost 2500 children of the ghetto. Elzbieta Ficowska was one of these children who managed to escape the horror thanks to the generosity of this Polish nurse.
During the spring of 1943, men, women and children exhausted by hunger in the Warsaw ghetto took up arms against “the final solution” and their deportation to the death camps, containing the siege of Hitler’s troops during 27 days. This is the most well-known uprising against the Nazis, although the resistance to the Holocaust occurred in multiple forms and places; a reality that the survivor Marian Turski explores in this conference.
In 1944, the year before the end of the Second World War, Hungry was home to Europe’s last surviving Jewish community. However, this changed when the Third Reich began its invasion in March. Over 800,000 Jews who had so far been spared the “Final Solution” were deported to Auschwitz.
At that time, the young Spanish diplomat Ángel Sanz Brizwas in charge of the Spanish legation in Budapest. Acting on his own and despite the huge risks involved, Sanz Briz managed to save over 5,000 Jews from certain death.
SS architects played a key role inmaking it physically possibleto commit one of humanity’s most shocking crimes. Their expertise was indispensable in designing and coordinating the construction of the regime’s factories of death, ensuring their functionality and effectiveness. Auschwitz remains one of the best-known examples, with three central camps and more than 40 sub-camps where over 1,110,000 people were killed.
The story of Noah Klieger(1926, Strasbourg, France) is one of pain, bravery and survival. It is the story of a heroic spirit able to overcome the horrors of the Nazi camps, of a child who succeeded in tricking the ruthless SS soldiers to survive the horrors of the Nazi regime and share his experienceso that such atrocities would never happen again.